主謂一致_成人高考專升本英語核心考點

2019-08-16 小北 榮澤成考網
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  1.and的用法
  and連接并列主語時,謂語動詞用復數。例如:
  Both he and I are right.
  Mr. Black and Mrs. Black have a son called Tom.
  但并列主語如果指的是同一人,同一事物或同一概念,謂語動詞用單數,例如:
  His teacher and friend is a beautiful girl.
  The poet and writer has come.
  當連接的是兩個不可分的東西時,謂語動詞用單數,例如:
  Whisky and soda is my favorite drink.
  Bread and butter is my favorite snack.
  由and連接的并列主語中如果有each, every, no修飾時,其謂語動詞要用單數形式。例如:
  Every boy and every girl has a dictionary at hand.
  Each man and each woman has a dancing partner at the party.
  In our country every boy and every girl has the right to receive education.
  2.就近原則:
  not…but…,not only … but also…,either……or,…,neither……nor…,there be…,here…
  以上詞語連接兩個主語時,以離動詞最近的主語形式為準,如:
  Either Mr. Smith or his wife and sons have to face the difficulties.
  There are fourteen chairs and a whiteboard in the meeting room.
  經典試題:
  One or more pages are missing.
  The headmaster or I am going to hand out the papers.
  3.就遠原則:
  with, along with, together with, including, except, but, besides, rather than, instead of
  以上詞語連接兩個主語時,以離動詞遠的主語形式為準,如:
  The library including 5,000 books was burnt down last night.
  The teacher rather than the students was wrong.
  4.集合名詞:
  Family, class, group, team, crew, committee,等
  如以上名詞作主語時,如果指一個整體,謂語動詞就是單數;如果指成員時,謂語動詞用復數,如:
  The class is made up of 40 students.
  5.單獨的動名詞,不定式,從句,時間,金錢,距離,學科,疾病,組織(專有名詞)做主語時,謂語動詞用單數,如;
  Swimming is good for you.
  Fifty dollars is too much for me.
  Father gave me a dictionary as a birthday gift, which makes me excited.
  Physics is really difficult for me to learn.